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April 13, 2008
Tamil New Year Divine
By Bhagavan Sri
Sathya Sai Baba
Note: Discourses of Sri Sathya Sai Baba
on this SBOI -
website/group are unedited, authentic & only
sourced from the
official Sai baba Org.
Photos: April 14, 2008:
Tamil New year
HAVE SELF-CONFIDENCE AND ACHIEVE EVERYTHING
The land, whose sons are known for name and fame across the continents,
The land whose heroes fought invaders and conquerors to achieve freedom,
That famed land whose sons of wisdom and scholarship are the praise of the globe
That land of saints, poets, singers and divine songsters,
Oh sons of Bharat, go forth and uphold your heritage and be worthy of your glorious past.
It is not possible to describe the greatness of glory of the land of Bharat. There are many
men of affluence and great leaders even today. But what is the use when they are not prepared
to get rid of their greed and devote their life for the welfare of the needy. Born in this
sacred land, the Bharatiyas should try to sanctify their life by serving the poor and needy.
Embodiments of Love!
The doctor and the judge who spoke earlier, talked about Swami and His mission. But their talk
was limited to more worldly matters than to spirituality. One may acquire all types of
education but without spiritual knowledge, all this is just a waste. People today have
everything, except self confidence. In the word ‘self-confidence’, ‘self’ refers to I. What is
the meaning of ‘I’? That which cannot be seen by the physical eyes, or heard by physical ears
or comprehended at the physical level is ‘I’. It is divine, auspicious and all-pervasive in
the form of consciousness (Chaitanya Shakti). All the beings in the universe are the creation
of God. There is nothing in this world which is not divine. People observe differences between
one another. This is a great mistake. All are one. Ekam Sath Viprah Bahudha Vadanti (truth is
one, but the wise refer to it by various names). There is no second entity in this world.
Sarvatah Panipadam Tat Sarvathokshi Siromukham, Sarvatah Sruthimalloke Sarvamavruthya
Tishthati (with hands, feet, eyes, heads, mouth and ears pervading everything, He permeates
the entire universe).
There is none in this world in whom God is not present. Everything is permeated by divinity.
Nobody has a right to say that this is divine and that is not. God is present even in
difficulties, sorrow and misery. Though we have the capacity to understand this divine power,
we are unfortunately not able to use that. When we observe the natural scenario around us, we
see vast land areas and a number of rivers such as Yamuna, Ganga, Pinakini, Cauveri,
Tungabhadra, Godavari, Saraswati, etc. In spite of having such a vast land with numerous
rivers, there is scarcity of food for man. What is the reason? The reason is that he is not
making proper use of his innate power and potentiality. Instead, he is misusing his powers and
wasting his intelligence. If he makes efforts in the right direction, he can achieve
You should have faith that everything that you see in this world is an aspect of divinity.
There is nothing else other than this. Only One exists in this world and there is no second.
We are unable to understand this truth and we suffer from many misconceptions. We are prepared
to believe what others write in their books, but no one is prepared to have faith in their own
self. People have all types of confidence except self-confidence. What is the use of having
everything except self-confidence? If only we have self-confidence, we can achieve everything;
there is nothing in this world which we cannot accomplish. We should make efforts to recognise
this principle of Atma which is divine, auspicious and ever new. But man today does not make
efforts to know himself. When we ask anyone, who he is, he will tell his name given to him by
his parents. If you put the same question to God, He will say Aham Brahmasmi (I am Brahman).
As we are unable to recognise the truth, we take to wrong path and get confused. We do not
make efforts to know what we are supposed to know. On the other hand, we try to know that
which is not possible for us to know by our senses. Is it possible to know divinity which is
all-pervasive? It is impossible. Hence, whatever happens, recognise it as the Will of God. All
the differences are born out of our own feelings of mine and thine. In fact, there is no
difference between you and me. You and I are one (loud applause). Do not think that God exists
separately in a particular place. Think that you are God. You are not the body. Body is like a
water bubble. Mind is like a mad monkey. Intellect is wavering. Hence, you are neither the
body nor the mind and not the intellect. You are you. You should make proper efforts to know
Tomorrow is Rama Navami. This is the day on which Sri Rama was born. There is a story about
it. In Treta Yuga, King Dasaratha ruled over Ayodhya. He married Kausalya who was the daughter
of the king of Kosala. After some time, she gave birth to a daughter. She was named Santha.
But Dasaratha was not satisfied with the birth of a female child and wanted a male child.
Therefore, he gave her to a friend who adopted her. Thereafter, he did not have any other
issue. Therefore, he wanted to have another wife. As per the prevalent customs in those times,
he had to seek the permission of the first wife before marrying another woman. Therefore,
Dasaratha went to Kausalya and said to her, “I am thinking of marrying again.” She replied,
“Certainly you may do as per your wish.” After securing the permission of Kausalya, he married
Sumitra in the hope of getting a son. But she also did not bear him a child. Therefore, King
Dasaratha became very worried. At that time he received the information that the king of
Kekaya had a beautiful daughter by name Kaikeyi. He approached the king of Kekaya and proposed
that he wanted to marry his daughter, telling him he already had two wives. He always spoke
the truth. Sathyannasti Paro Dharma (There is no Dharma greater than adherence to truth). He
never said anything that was untrue. He explained to the king of Kekaya everything in detail.
Then the king of Kekaya said, “You already have two wives and they have not borne you any
children. Now you want a third wife. I can give my daughter in marriage to you on the
condition that the son born to her will be the heir to your kingdom. Dasaratha agreed to their
condition. Manthara, who was the main associate of Kaikeyi, was hearing all their
Accordingly the marriage was performed with great rejoicings. However she also did not bear
any child even after a passage of long time. Therefore, Dasaratha decided to perform the
Putrakameshti Yajna, as desired by his well-wishers. Sage Rishyasringa, along with his wife
Santha came to Ayodhya to perform the Putrakameshti Yajna.
On the eleventh day of the performance of the Yajna, an effulgent being appeared from the fire
in the sacrificial altar with a vessel containing a Payasam (sweet pudding). Dasaratha gave
the Payasam to sage Vasishtha and requested him to distribute it equally among the three
queens. Accordingly, Vasishtha distributed the Payasam to Kausalya, Sumitra, and Kaikeyi.
Kausalya and Kaikeyi took their share of the pudding to their respective Puja rooms. Each of
them was happy thinking that her son would be the future king of Ayodhya. Kaikeyi thought
Dasaratha would crown her son as per the promise made by him at the time of marriage. Kausalya
thought, she being the first wife, her son had every right to become the king. But Sumitra had
no such claims. She was a paragon of virtues. Her name ‘Su-mitra’ itself signifies that she
was a good friend to one and all. She carried her bowl of pudding to the terrace and placed it
on the parapet wall while drying her hair in the sun. Suddenly, an eagle swooped down and
carried away the bowl and left it on the Matanga Mountain. Anjana Devi found the bowl and
partook of the sacred pudding. Consequently she became pregnant and gave birth to Hanuman.
Sumitra ran down and informed Kausalya and Kaikeyi about what had happened. Kausalya and
Kaikeyi came to her rescue and shared their pudding with her. Kaikeyi gave half of her share
to Sumitra. Kausalya did the same. In due course, Kausalya gave birth to Rama, Kaikeyi to
Bharata, and Sumitra to Lakshmana and Satrughna. Kausalya and Kaikeyi had one son each,
whereas Sumitra had two sons. When we enquire into the reason, we can understand the mystery
behind it. The sons of Kausalya and Kaikeyi were happily playing in their cradles whereas
Sumitra’s sons were crying all the time, and were not taking milk. Sumitra was at a loss to
know the reason for their crying and tried in vain various types of Yantras, Mantras and
Tantras to make them comfortable. Ultimately, she went to Sage Vasishtha and told him about
her predicament. Sage Vasishtha closed his eyes. His yogic vision enabled him to know the
truth. He said to Sumitra, “As you partook of the sacred pudding given by Kausalya, you gave
birth to Lakshmana who is an Amsa (part) of Rama. Similarly, Satrughna is born out of the
share of pudding given to you by Kaikeyi. So, he is a part of Bharata. Put Lakshmana by the
side of Rama and Satrughna by the side of Bharata. Then they will rest peacefully.” Sumitra
did as instructed by Vasishtha. Both Lakshmana and Satrughna stopped crying and started
playing blissfully in their cradles. This was the basis of the intimate relationship between
Rama and Lakshmana, Bharata and Satrughna.
Since both the sons of Sumitra namely, Lakshmana and Satrughna, were always in the company of
Rama and Bharata, she had nothing much to do. Time and again she would go to Kausalya and
Kaikeyi to see how her sons were playing with their elder brothers. After seeing them, she
would shower her love and affection on them. In this manner all the four sons of Dasaratha
grew up in an environment of love and happiness. Sumitra was very happy because she thought
her son Lakshmana would serve Rama and Satrughna would serve Bharata when they grew up.
Rama, Lakshmana, Bharata and Satrughna grew up as young men of great valour and learning under
the loving care of their parents and Guru Vasishtha. When Rama and Lakshmana went to protect
the Yajna of sage Viswamitra, he took them to the court of King Janaka to participate in the
Swayamvar of his daughter Sita. Then Rama broke the Siva bow and won the hand of Sita. The
marriage of Rama and Sita became the occasion of great rejoicing in Mithila. The people of
Mithila sang joyous songs, welcoming one and all to witness the marriage of Sita and Rama.
Welcome to all for Rama’s wedding;
together we shall witness the joyous scene.
Many have gathered already,
decked up in all their finery.
With necklaces the ladies are adorned
of jewels pure and gleaming.
Rama shall tie the knot today to beauteous Sita.
Oh, what a fine match they make!
The women of the kingdom came to participate in the wedding and joyfully sang blithesome
Come let us go and see the marriage of Rama and Sita,
The sight shall confer great merit.
Blessed are those who see this scene.
Oh, come one and all, watch with joy the sacred marriage. (Telugu Song)
After marriage, as they were returning to Ayodhya, they heard a deafening sound. As they
wondered where the sound had come from, Sage Parasurama appeared and roared, “Who is the one
who broke the bow of Siva?” “It is I who has done it,” said Rama. “If that is so, let us see
if You can break my bow,” saying so he gave his bow in the hands of Rama. Rama broke even that
bow with His left hand. Seeing that, Parasurama offered his salutations to Rama and submitted
his two Kalas (splendours) to Rama, who was endowed with twelve Kalas. Rama shone with his own
twelve Kalas, two Kalas from his brothers and another two given by Parasurama. That is how
Rama shone brilliantly with all the sixteen Kalas of the Virat Purusha. With the surrender of
Parasurama, Rama’s power became full and complete.
In due course of time Dasaratha realised that he was growing old and it was time that he
should crown one of his sons as heir to his kingdom. Since Rama was the eldest of the four
sons, and he had all the qualities of becoming a worthy king to the kingdom, he thought of
crowning him as the heir to the kingdom. This news was received by the subjects of the kingdom
with great joy and happiness because all of them thought that Rama was most suited to assume
the reigns of the kingdom.
When Manthara heard this news, she went to Kaikeyi and reminded her of the two boons granted
to her by Dasaratha. She suggested to her that she should demand from Dasaratha that Bharata
should be crowned as the heir to the kingdom and Rama should be sent to the forest for
fourteen years. Though Kaikeyi loved Rama more than Bharata, she was influenced by the evil
advice of Manthara. She removed all her ornaments and lay down in great anger in her chamber.
Dasaratha went to her chamber and enquired as to what the reason for her anger was. When
Kaikeyi demanded the two boons granted to her by Dasaratha earlier, he was very much
distressed. But as Kaikeyi persisted with her demands, he relented and agreed to make her son
Bharata the crown prince of Ayodhya. But when she put forth the second demand, asking him to
send Rama to the forest for 14 years, Dasaratha was crestfallen. However Rama immediately
agreed to make Bharata the heir to the kingdom and go to forest for fourteen year to uphold
the promise given by his father to Kaikeyi. But when Lakshmana heard this he became very
angry. In a fit of rage, he even thought of putting Kaikeyi and Manthara to death. Rama
pacified him saying that it was their foremost duty to follow the command of their father and
should not do anything that would bring disrepute to their father.
Kaikeyi wanted Rama to go to the forest immediately. Lakshmana and Sita also decided to follow
Rama. Lakshmana went to his mother Sumitra and sought her permission and blessings to serve
Rama in the forest. Sumitra was very happy to hear that Lakshmana was following Rama to serve
him. Lakshmana then went to his wife Urmila. As he entered her room, she was making a
painting. She was a good painter. Lakshmana enquired as to what she was painting. She replied
that she was making a painting of Rama’s coronation.
On hearing this Lakshmana told her that Rama was not going to be crowned and was going to the
forest for 14 years. He also informed her that he had decided to go with Rama to the forest
for 14 years. Urmila did not have an objection to it and said, “Protect Rama and Sita just as
eyelids protect the eyes. They are everything for you. Consider them as your father and
mother. Never be slack in serving them. Never think of me even for a moment in the forest for
these fourteen years. Only Sita and Rama should be uppermost in your mind.” Saying this, she
offered her salutations to him.
Sita, Rama and Lakshmana got into the chariot and proceeded to the forest. Dasaratha ran after
the chariot saying, “Oh Rama! Stay for a while. Let me see your beautiful form at least for
some time. Any way I cannot stop you from going.” The shock of separation for Rama was too
severe for Dasaratha to bear. He did not eat any thing and he refused to drink even a drop of
water. All the time he was saying, “Rama, Rama …” In this way remembering Rama every moment,
he left his mortal coil. All this happened because there was a reason behind this and it was
Once Dasaratha went to the forest for hunting. As he reached near the bank of a stream, he
heard a noise and thought that some wild animal was drinking water.
On hearing this sound, he shot an arrow at the source of the sound. That arrow hit Sravana
Kumar which proved fatal. Sravana Kumar had come to the stream to take water and quench the
thirst of his old mother and father who were blind and helpless. He was the only support of
his parents and carried them with him in a Kavadi (a bamboo stick with two baskets at each
end) to all places of pilgrimage. When Dasaratha realised what he had done, he was
grief-stricken that he had caused the death of the only son of his old parents.
Before his death, Sravana Kumar told him to carry the water to his old parents. When Dasaratha
informed his old parents about the tragic death of their son, they were drowned in
inconsolable grief and cursed him that he would also die a tragic death due to the separation
from his son. That is what happened to Dasaratha. Ultimately, the curse given by noble souls
cannot be reversed.
After the marriage of Sita and Rama, Viswamitra left for the forest.
It is not enough if we worship Rama only on His birthday. When Rama returned to Ayodhya all
the people of Ayodhya joyously welcomed Him singing His glory and chanting His name. In
Bharat, we do not find any village which does not have a temple of Rama or a person who does
not know the name of Rama. Wherever we see, the name of Rama is heard everywhere. Though
thousands of years have passed, Rama’s name is as fresh and new today as it was in the past.
Rama is ever new. The name of Rama gives joy to everyone. Even when you ask an old woman, she
would reply, “I may not be able to say any other word but I constantly chant the name of
Rama.” Not even one person would be found in a village who does not know the name of Rama.
There is no village where you do not find temples of Rama. Even if the people are not able to
make a temple, they will erect a small shelter covered with a couple of sheets and install the
idol of Rama in it. Even after the passage of thousands of year, the name of Rama is known
everywhere and is held in high esteem by the people. Nowadays even in Russia people are
chanting the name of Rama. In fact, the name of Rama has spread to every nook and corner of
the world. The name of Rama is the crest jewel of all names. Everybody can easily chant this.
Therefore, whatever task you are engaged in, you should constantly chant the name of Rama
while performing the task. When you step out from your home, when you are on your way to
college, you should keep chanting the name of Rama all the while. The name of Rama should
become your life-breath.
Sai Kulwant Hall, Prasanthi Nilayam